DIAMONDS BY DEFINITIONS
NATURAL DIAMOND Created one to three billion years ago, more than 100 miles below earth’s surface. They are made of pure carbon and are the hardest natural mineral on earth. The word diamond alone always means a natural diamond.
LAB-GROWN DIAMOND The result of an industrial process as opposed to the geological process that creates natural diamonds. Though their chemical composition is the same as a natural diamond, there are significant differences relating to origins, value and socioeconomic impact. The Federal Trade Commission (FTC) requires lab-grown diamond manufacturers to use a qualifier that clearly distinguish lab-grown diamonds as man-made and not of natural origin.
DIAMOND SIMULANT Common simulants include glass, or cubic zirconia. These substances mimic the sparkle of diamond jewelry but are completely unrelated to diamonds at the atomic level.
THE DIFFERENCES BETWEEN NATURAL DIAMONDS AND LAB-GROWN DIAMONDS - WHAT YOU NEED TO KNOW
MYTHS AND MISCONCEPTIONS
The diamond industry has undergone a significant and positive transformation over the last 15 years. These questions address the realities of the diamond sector today.
WHAT ABOUT CONFLICT DIAMONDS? Today, conflict diamonds, as depicted in the 2006 movie Blood Diamond (set in the 1990s), are virtually eliminated from the market. 99.8% of diamonds are certified conflict-free through the UN-mandated Kimberley Process. To learn more visit worlddiamondcouncil.org
IS DIAMOND MINING SAFE? Yes. Modern diamond mining provides safe, high-quality, high-paying jobs and puts the safety and well-being of their employees and contractors ahead of any other consideration. There is just one lost-time injury incident per 1,000,000 hours worked within today’s large-scale diamond mining sector. For context, diamond mining is statistically safer than the retail, transportation and power industries.
IS THE DIAMOND INDUSTRY DOMINATED BY A MONOPOLY? AREN’T THEY JUST THE PRODUCT OF GOOD MARKETING? No. There is no monopoly in today’s diamond market. Today’s largest diamond producers are spread across four continents (Canada, Russia, Africa and Australia) and are either publicly traded corporations or State-owned enterprises. Human fascination with diamonds goes back millennia. In fact, the tips of Cupid’s arrow were dipped in diamonds, and the first diamond ring to signify an engagement was given by the Archduke Maximilian of Austria in the imperial court of Vienna in 1477.
THE 4C’S OF DIAMOND QUALITY
The universal method for assessing the quality of any diamond, anywhere in the world.
A diamond's cut unleashes it’s light
Diamond carat weight is the measurement of how much a diamond weighs. A metric "carat" is defined as 200 milligrams.
Diamond Carat Weight Measures a Diamond’s Apparent Size
Diamonds are renowned for their ability to transmit light and sparkle so intensely. We often think of a diamond's cut as shape (round, emerald, pear), but a diamond's cut grade is really about how well a diamond's facets interact with light.
Diamond Clarity Refers to the Absence of Inclusions and Blemishes
Natural diamonds are the result of carbon exposed to tremendous heat and pressure deep in the earth. This process can result in a variety of internal characteristics called 'inclusions' and external characteristics called 'blemishes.'
Diamond Color Actually Means Lack of Color
The color evaluation of most gem-quality diamonds is based on the absence of color. A chemically pure and structurally perfect diamond has no hue, like a drop of pure water, and consequently, a higher value.
"Diamond Buying Guide" realisadiamond.com